One possible way of making both professional and amateur sports more interesting to follow throughout the season could be to change the way in which teams are composed. In effect, teams would change constantly throughout the season based on which team won who. In essence, every season would begin with each of the smallest political jurisdictions (i.e. cities) composing a team and competing against teams formed by jurisdictions in the same class. The winning team’s coach would then have the privilege of choosing which members of his own team as well as which members of his defeated opponent’s team to choose to play in the next round of competition. Higher level teams cannot choose a player unless they have won the team of which that player is a member. Players chosen by the winning team’s coach would have the option of declining the privilege of joining the new team but not the option of remaining on the team without being specifically picked by the coach. These players would also have the option of moving to another same-level or lower level team if the coaches of those teams approve the change.
After all the city teams play it out and each county has formed one team that is superior to all others in the county, then counties could begin to play it out among themselves with the same rules applying. After all the counties have played it out and each state has composed a superior team, then the states could begin to play it out with each other. After all the states have played it out, the winning team would be the national champions. If the process continues and participation at an international event like the Olympic Games is desired, then either the same members of the championship team could play other countries or the coach of the winning team at the national finals could form a new team composed of the best players from both his team and the team he defeated at the national finals.
Having so many teams from so many different political jurisdictions playing against each other would probably take so much time that one season may not be enough to accommodate all the games necessary to be played to reach the national finals. A solution may be to require two seasons for a team to rise from a city-level team up to a national finalist and champion. The first season (year) can be referred to as a primary season (where cities and counties compete) and the second year can be referred to as a secondary season (where state and national competitions occur).
To make it more exciting while at the same time increasing the capacity of people to directly participate in professional sports, primary and secondary seasons can completely overlap each other and be played in the same year but on two separate and parallel tracks. While the cities and counties are playing against each other, the states and nations are also playing against each other during the same season.
At the close of each year’s season, primary season players graduate into secondary season players for the next year, if these players are chosen by the winning team’s coach. If players are not chosen onto a higher level, they could stay on their current team or move around to other equivalent or lower teams (for example, a county team member could move to another county or down to a city team) if chosen by the respective coaches. Secondary season players who graduate from competition in the national championship must go down a minimum of two levels (to the county level teams) and play on teams whose coaches have asked them to join. The rest of the secondary level players, those who did not make it to the championship finals, could remain on those teams if their respective coaches ask them to remain.
This system would allow many more people to participate in professional sports. It would also act to depress the wages of professional players because they would be moving around from small town teams to major teams and back again to small town teams every two years.0 Comments
The government should take it upon itself to build specialty parks (skateboarding parks, rollerblading parks, model rocket parks, remote/radio control airplane parks, model car racing parks, etc.) on public lands to satisfy the desires of people to do such things and even to increase the capacity of the local recreational infrastructures to allow and encourage more people to take up such fun hobbies.
Several of these places could serve dual purposes so that multiple activities could be accommodated at the same time, such as skateboarding and rollerblading. Other activities could be accommodated in the same space but at different times. For example, remote controlled airplanes could be flown every Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday, while model rockets could be flown every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
Some parks could also be placed in small nooks and crannies even around very built up landscapes. For example, skate parks with ramps and all relevant equipment could be placed at the bottom of concrete lined storm drain channels. Dry storm drains and other river beds could be used for many other recreational purposes, like playgrounds, bicycle and pedestrian paths, tennis, basketball, and other sport courts, off-road vehicles, farmer’s markets and other business or social events, and many other purposes. Of course, during times when rain is threatened, or whenever the storm drain is expected to significantly increase its flow, such parks would be closed and the ramps and other equipment would be permanently hooked up to cables connected to some kinds of winch lifting system so that the equipment is lifted and suspended clear above the channel until the threat of rain or channel flooding has passed.
The government should bear no liability for injuries due to the use or misuse of such equipment unless those injuries were due to construction failures.
Shooting ranges could also be a type of specialty park that can be located within highly developed areas by locating them within storm channels. There are already practically two bullet proof side walls that exist, it would only be a matter of enclosing both remaining ends and the top. The top could be a permanent roof structure that would not ever need to be moved. The two ends of the enclosed room could be built of bullet proof walls that could be raised when ever needed so the flood control channel can serve its purpose. Schedules could be enforced by personnel that after every 45 minutes of shooting, 15 minutes would be reserved to place, checkup, and remove targets and debris.
Race tracks and off-road courses for full sized automobiles should also be placed throughout urban and suburban areas. Long straight race tracks and drag strips could possibly be made within storm drain channels, while shorter ones could probably be scheduled for use on local airport runways during one or two days a week or during predictable slow air traffic periods such as midnight to 6 AM.
Certain segments of beach shorelines should also be reserved for wave surfing.
Fees could be charged for the use of such park facilities so that, ideally, all the money spent on construction and maintenance could be recovered from the users. Several such parks may need to have personnel there to supervise the activities (especially the shooting ranges). Video cameras could be installed to monitor and record all activities so that any illegal activities (especially vandalism) would be recorded and the perpetrators caught and made to pay.0 Comments
Venue facilities and performers should agree to a set of seating arrangements for the performance as well as the rules governing the setting of seat prices for each seat within the venue. They should also agree to policies governing the pricing and reservation of seats for either special guests or for ticket sales at a future date. All information concerning seating arrangements and the pricing for each seat as well as reserved sections in the venue should be made available to the public prior to selling the first tickets for the event.
Ticket prices could be set according to how both the venue managers and performers agree, including having ticket prices float on the market, determined by supply and demand, with no upper limit on price. Tickets would only be originally sold by approved ticket sellers. After people buy tickets from approved ticket sellers, they could sell them again to anybody only for up to the amount they paid for it. Or they could sell the tickets back to an approved ticket seller for up to 10% more than what they paid for it. Approved ticket sellers would then be allowed to sell these tickets at market rates or according to whatever pricing structure had been agreed to by both the venue managers and performers. It should be illegal to buy tickets for the purpose of selling them later.0 Comments
First place winners generally get too big of a prize in lotteries and most other types of competition, especially in comparison with what second, third and other successively placed winners receive. The mere fact of placing first should be a far more significant part of the prize. Prizes and financial rewards for first placed winners could still be the most valuable, however second placed winners should generally receive between 50-90% of the value of the first placed prize. Third placed winners could generally receive between 25-50% of first placed winnings. All these numbers would depend heavily on the size of the total prize giveaway and the number of people participating in the event. The larger that either number is, the more equivalent the winning prizes should be. In groups where 20 or more people compete against each other, second place winners are just about as good as first place winners and third placed winners deserve far more attention and/or prizes than they are getting now, especially when it comes to lottery winnings.0 Comments
Educational institutions, hobbyists and perhaps some government agencies should help encourage and organize competitions in every field of science (especially material sciences and engineering). The purpose of such competitions would be to help create a greater public interest in finding new and perhaps better ways to design things. For example, these competitions could have rules that artificially limit one or more variables while requiring the same task to be accomplished by working with the other variables. For example, instead of trying to build the fastest remote controlled airplane or the highest flying remote controlled airplane, it would be more exciting to build the fastest airplane with a length of 10 feet or the highest flying airplane with a wingspan of 15 feet. Radio controlled planes made from ice (flown in freezing temperatures, of course) or concrete would be another interesting possibility.0 Comments
There should be a new sport whose goal is to jump the highest from a standstill. The winner would be the person who is able to successfully jump onto the highest platform. Maybe the participants could hold 10 or 20 pound weights in each hand and use them for leverage in jumping to greater heights.0 Comments
Instead of the Games of the Olympiad (Summer Olympics) and the Olympic Winter Games being held in and around a chosen city, they should be held throughout a chosen country or, if the country is very large, throughout a region of that country. This way, not only would the Games produce less of a stress on any host city (and by extension, its country) by not requiring them to construct venues all within a relatively short distance of the host city, but it would also benefit the country and Games organizers by enabling them to choose facilities from a much wider area that would serve as the best venues for certain sporting events as well as give tourists and viewers worldwide a broader, more extensive and perhaps finer view of the host country.0 Comments
The Olympic Games should not be limited to only athletic sports but should be broadened to include virtually any competitive sport in which the human participants play the leading athletic, thinking, training or engineering role and which at least has a significant international following. Included in this list could be technological competitions as well. For example, remote controlled airplanes, cars and other such ‘toys’ could compete with other such ‘toys’ of the same category. Real auto racing could also be allowed. Additional activities that could be included as competitive sports include singing and the playing of instruments. Any sport that is perceived as a recognizable demonstration of talent could potentially be included into Olympic competitions.0 Comments
The Olympic Games should occur more frequently and should be more distributed throughout the seasons to allow for the inclusion of a wider range of sports. The Games should occur at intervals of 15 months and, to keep it simple, the Games should always begin on the first day of the month and continue through the last day of the month. This would mean that the Games would be held in each of eight years out of every decade. Years ending with the number one or six would be the years of the Winter Games which would be held during the entire month of February. Years ending with the number two or seven would be the years of the Spring Games which would be held during the entire month of May. Years ending with the number three or eight would be the years of the Summer Games which would be held during the entire month of August. Years ending with the number four or nine would be the Autumn Games which would be held during the entire month of November. Years ending in zero and five would be off years for the Games. Thus, though each season would have its Olympic Games at intervals of four years (as is currently the case), each session of the Olympic Games would allow much more time for a far higher number of sports to be played as well as expand the rest time for the competitors and slow down the general pace of the Games. The various sports chosen to be included in the various Olympic Game seasons should be, as close as possible, the natural sports that climax during that season. For example, skiing is a natural sport to be played in winter. Track and field is normally played during the summer. Gymnastics could be played during the spring (since competitors practice indoors during the cool of winter). Shooting and equestrian competitions could take place during the Autumn Olympic Games.0 Comments
All sport and talent competitions should generally be structured and scheduled with an eye towards standardizing and scaling the sport so that it could be somewhat seamlessly merged with the schedule and spirit of the International Olympic Games. Ideally, such sports would climax within or just before the month that the Olympic Games for that sport’s season are held. Although the final competitions for each sport would be played each year at the closing of the regular season, during the years in which that sport participates in the Olympic Games, the finals competitions would be held under the auspices of the Olympic Games. During non-Olympic years, these sports would normally compete nationally unless they already have or choose to develop their own international competition systems independent of the Olympic Games.0 Comments
In certain short duration (2 minutes or less) sport competitions in which athletes perform individually (such as diving, high jump, etc.) and not in sports where athletes compete with others at the same time (such as swimming, running, etc.) the athletes should be given the chance to try the same event as many times as they would like only if the first or successive attempts went terribly bad, such as falling down a ski slope, slipping off the diving board, falling during a high jump attempt, etc. However, for each successive attempt, the maximum score possible for that athlete should be reduced by a certain small amount (like 1/4 or 1/2 a point on a 10-point scale). The athlete should then have the option to choose which of the two, or multiple, performances they would like to submit for purposes of scoring.0 Comments
Ideally, there should be no exclusive contracts handed out for coverage of the Olympic Games, but if that is not possible, then the exclusivity of these contracts should be limited as much as possible, such as only to a category of sports or perhaps even one sport. For example, one broadcast company could obtain the exclusive right to cover track and field events while another could obtain the right to cover swimming and diving.
Perhaps there should be a requirement, however, that all contract winning broadcasters make their Olympic broadcasts available for free to the public. They could choose to do so through commercial funding (as is conventionally done) or through any other means they see fit.0 Comments
There should exist a nationwide (worldwide would be better) database of individuals who are identified as regular gamblers. Every gambling facility (casinos, card clubs, bingo parlors, horse racing tracks, lottery ticket sellers, etc., both physical or on the Internet) should be required to ask all customers for some type of identification and then instantly check this database for an indication that any such customer may be a habitual or potentially addicted gambler prior to that facility’s approval of the gambling transaction with that customer. This database would be required to compile, for each gambling customer, a continuous average monthly gambling expenditure chart with their histories being kept for a maximum of the past 5 calendar years. A national gambling agency would be charged with running this database and this agency would also have the authority to enforce any restriction on gambling activities engaged in by potential problem gamblers. Any person under 15 years of age would be prohibited from participating in any form of gambling.
Any person which this database indicates as having gambling expenditures of less than $200 per month averaged over the last five years or since the beginning of their current gambling phase (a new phase begins after a 24 month period of gambling inactivity), whichever is shorter, would be listed as a safe, no-risk gambler. No restrictions would be placed on these kinds of gamblers until their monthly average rises to exceed $200 per month.
Gambling Restrictions Begin at $200/month Average Expenditures
Gamblers whose monthly average exceeds $200 will be listed as monitored gamblers. People under 20 would be prohibited from continuing to gamble until either their average falls back down to below $200 or until they request and are granted an exemption by the national gambling agency from this rule based on their high income or large individual net worth and with written permission granted by their parents, guardians or other adults with legal authority over them. Such permission would need to be re-granted every 6 months in order to continue gambling. People over 20 years of age who exceed this $200 monthly average would be reminded that they are monitored gamblers prior to every gambling transaction they engage in, unless they have provided proof to this national gambling agency that they have a sufficiently high income, large individual net worth, and are not financially endangering any dependents.
If a gambler’s monthly average rises to above $400 per month, that person would be listed as a habitual gambler and placed under probation. Gamblers under 20 years of age who exceed this limit would be prohibited from further gambling until their monthly average falls to below the $400 mark. Other gamblers who are 20 years old or older and who exceed this $400 limit would be required, in order to continue gambling, to supply proof of a high enough income, large individual net worth, or have otherwise provided proof that such high levels of gambling would not financially hurt him or those for whom he is responsible (i.e. spouse, family, etc.). This national gambling agency may or may not choose to approved continued gambling for this individual until his monthly average falls below the $400 level. Any person who is approved for further gambling must first be required to take and pass a short educational course that explains how the gambling industry works, the principles of mathematical probabilities and statistics, and other simple, relevant topics related to gambling before final approval is granted. These courses could be taken either entirely at an approved educational facility or at home (at the gambler’s leisure) with tests administered at an approved educational facility.
Gamblers whose monthly average rises to over $1,000 would be classified as serious gamblers and would be required, in order to continue gambling above this level, to provide proof to the national gambling agency of a high enough income level or net worth, and proof that continued gambling will not result in the jeopardy of either their own financial well-being or the financial well-being of any dependents such as spouses, children or other individuals. Permission to continue gambling at levels above the $1,000 mark would need to be applied for, reviewed, and re-approved every 12 months.
Gamblers who wish to receive permission to exceed this $1,000 monthly average gambling expenditures would be required to enroll in rather more intensive gambling counseling and educational classes for every year that their total expenditures remain above the $1,000 per month average. These counseling classes should place a heavy emphasis on statistics, probability, and how these games of chance are designed to work. Psychological tests as well as tests measuring a gambler’s understanding of how the gambling industry works should be administered.
While observing all of the rules above, gamblers should be allowed to spike their gambling expenditures up to 5% of their average yearly income or $2,000 per month (whichever is larger) without restrictions. However, to continue gambling beyond these limits, gamblers would be placed on probation and would be required to provide proof to the national gambling agency that they could adequately afford continued losses in order to be allowed to continue gambling.
This gambling agency would have the authority to prevent any person from gambling at any level if the agency has reason to believe that continued gambling would harm the gamblers themselves or the people for whom they are responsible.
This database and each individual gambler’s monthly average would be updated at the end of each day in order to prevent gamblers from gambling a lot of money away at one facility and then going to another facility the next day and gambling away a lot more. However, more frequent updating of the database would be more beneficial in catching people before they have an opportunity to gamble everything away within one day. Monitored and habitual gamblers should be watched for extremely rapid rises in their gambling expenditures.
This entire database and enforcement system would be funded completely internally through fees (a percentage, such as 1% or whatever is necessary for proper funding) levied on all gambling transactions. The gambling industry would be required to pay at least some of the costs associated with rehabilitating problem gamblers. The whole idea is to make the gambling industry check up on and prevent gamblers from gambling beyond their means.
People who have engaged in legal gambling activities, should be required to fulfill all such financial gambling obligations regardless of whether they have later moved into a political jurisdiction which defines such activities as illegal within its borders.
Gambling facilities that knew or should have known about compulsive gamblers going deeper into debt, should be required to forgive the debts of that gambler and pay the equivalent of at least twice as much as that individual’s total lifetime wagering amount to the government as a penalty for not preventing this problem. The onus should be on the gambling facilities to ensure that problem compulsive gamblers are not gambling to a degree that destroys their lives.0 Comments
Illegal gambling activities should be defined as activities requiring the wagering of money or something of material value on an event in which purely random mathematical probabilities determine the outcome. An exception to this rule could be any purely random mathematical lottery in which a cumulative total of at least 50% of all revenues go to an approved charitable cause, towards the funding of an advertised public good (such as K-14 education, universal healthcare, transportation, etc.) and to the payment of taxes of any level government. Sports gambling should also be exempted because the involvement of elements of research move such activities away from purely random mathematical probabilities. Legitimate investments, speculation, stock/commodity trading, etc., should not be considered gambling. Charitable raffles and such games should also be allowed.
Any purely random mathematical lottery in which at least 50% of all revenues go to an approved charitable cause or towards the funding of an advertised public good (such as K-14 education, universal healthcare, transportation, etc.) should be allowed.
All financial transactions due to illegal gambling would be treated as illegal exchanges of money to which all parties involved are guilty. The winners would be required to forfeit all of their winnings to the government. As a penalty, the winners must pay out an additional amount equal to their winnings. In cases of illegal gambling, both parties (the one that owes, and the one that is owed) should each be required to pay a penalty to the government equal to 100% of half the gross gambling wagers made between them, totaling up to $10,000 each. For example, two people, who each agreed to enter into an illegal $10,000 bet, would each be required to pay $5,000 to the government as a penalty for engaging in this illegal activity. As total gambling wagers increase, each party should be required to pay a progressively smaller percentage than 100% of half the gross gambling wagers made between them. For example, gross wager amounts of $50,000 could require each party to repay 75% of half this amount ($18,750 each), wager amounts of $100,000 could require each party to repay 50% of half this debt ($25,000), and wager amounts of $500,000 would require repayment by each party of 25% ($62,500) of half the net gambling debts. A smooth algebraic curve should be fitted through the percentages used in these examples in order to find the proper percentages to apply to wager amounts other than the ones used in the examples. The revenues generated from these fines should be distributed equally to state and local governments (state, county, and city).
If parties to the illegal gambling lie about the amounts of money wagered or won, the difference between what they say they wagered or won and what they actually wagered or won will be treated as theft and the penalty for this additional crime will be a fine equal to the difference plus a multiple of the difference.
The reason people are required to pay progressively less than half of larger gambling debts is because such people are much more likely to have lost self control over their gambling activities (i.e., are addicted to gambling) and could have easily allowed their debt numbers to get out of hand. Since agreeing to engage in a gambling bet is fairly effortless, being mainly a verbal commitment, and since such activities usually affect only the individuals involved (namely, the money wasn’t stolen from anyone else), it would make sense to somewhat soften the massive liability of such debts (while still making them painfully high) and give gambling addicts some hope by creating for them a greater chance of recovering financially from such losses. By setting these gambling fines at high dollar amounts (though far below what each gambler would likely have been required to pay had they lost), ‘losing’ gamblers, especially addicted gamblers, would suffer the consequences of gambling while at the same time the ‘winners’ would be required to pay the same amount as the ‘losers’, thus decreasing the incentive for all sides to participate in such activities. This would give potential ‘winners’ pause and hesitation before entering into a bet because the ‘losers’ could reduce very large gambling liabilities (while imposing significant liabilities on the ‘winners’ at the same time) by just informing the authorities of their involvement in illegal gambling.
If the original winning party still tries to force the original losing party to pay back the debt or any portion of it, that action of forcing or attempting to force payment should be treated as theft or attempted theft requiring restitution plus a punitive multiple.
All parties caught illegally gambling amounts under $10,000 should be required to enroll in a short educational course that explains how gambling works, the principles of mathematical probabilities, and other relevant topics related to gambling as well as the hardships and difficulties gamblers can cause themselves and those around them. Part of this course should include watching personal testimonials or documentaries on the subject. All participants should be required to take and pass a test to prove that they have a functional understanding of the materials in the course. Gamblers illegally gambling amounts in excess of $10,000 would be required to take a much more intensive gambling education course.0 Comments
Individuals should not be allowed to win more than $1,000,000 at a time through a lottery. Lotteries should be designed so that either more people win and split the jackpot evenly or so that more successively placed winners (2nd, 3rd, etc.) are chosen to share in the winnings. More winners could be made by any number of ways, including reducing the number of digits that players would need to pick and dividing the jackpot evenly among all these winners, or by increasing the number of digits players need to pick and then choosing the several people who came closest to the final number and declaring them winners.0 Comments
A weather lottery should exist to encourage people to study the weather and create a market for more accurate weather forecasting. (In addition, people’s tendency to waste money on random outcomes could be harnessed for the greater good.) The idea is for people to participate in either the short or long term weather forecasting of single or multiple weather variables. Lottery organizers could choose from any number and combination of variables to make the lottery easy or hard. People who accurately predict that (or those) particular weather variable(s) win the jackpot. Some of the money raised could go to further weather forecasting research. Several varieties of weather lotteries should run concurrently to satisfy the market. Making weather forecasting into a kind of game that is available for everyone to play, would result in the introduction of a huge amount of public information and speculation which may be mined to yield at least some benefits. Perhaps, certain players who tend to be significantly more accurate than the rest, or even more accurate than professional forecasters, could be questioned as to their methods of forecasting and research so that the science of weather forecasting could be improved.
Weather Forecasting Error Bars
Consumers should have the ability to view weather forecasts with error bars that represent the probability that the forecast will be within certain limits. Each future day would have a larger error bar centered on the predicted temperature of the present forecast. For example, let’s say that a forecast given on day zero (0) says that day 3 will have a high temperature of 78° F. Let’s say that a 75% probability figure is chosen. The error bars for day 1 would probably be +/- 1 or 2° F. For day 2, maybe +/- 3° F. Day 3, +/- 5°F, and so on. This way, weather forecasters can compete with each other for accuracy.
Forecasting Astronomical Events
Weather forecasts should also include the forecasting of astronomical events, like significant meteor showers, eclipses, and significant transits. Information on whether the sky will be cloudy or clear at the time should be stated.