52. Permissible Exposure/Product Radioactivity Levels

The point at which governments should require producers and manufacturers to reduce the amount of nuclear radiation emitted by their products should be based upon a multiple of the national average amount of radiation emitted by similar types of products.

For example, if a certain product or material normally emits 5 millirems (mrems) of radiation per year, the sale of similar products radiating at least five times this amount (25 mrems) would be prohibited. Thus producers would be required to keep such values below the threshold. For materials that would normally emit 25 mrems, the threshold would be set at three times this amount (75 mrems), while the threshold for materials that normally emit 50 mrems would be set at 100 mrems.

The multiples of normal average product radioactivity use to determine where the thresholds should be placed for each product would be determined by using a smooth curved line plotted on a graph so that all three points used in the examples above lie on the line. In other words, the same multiple would not be applied to a range of different products, but rather each product would have a unique multiple applied to it because the threshold is based on that kind of product’s average emission levels.

This system would apply to all materials except specifically nuclear materials or nuclear waste because these are categories of materials with high enough radioactivity to warrant strict, continuous suppression of their emissions.

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